Magnetic vortex oscillators are an ideal system to study the dynamics of magnetic systems at very small length scales and over a wide frequency range. Their dynamic behavior shows characteristics known from other fundamental physical systems like the harmonic oscillator  and is in many aspects well understood. Their lateral dimension vary from a few microns  down to the nanometer scale . Due to their flux closure configuration they are magnetically stable and a potential candidate for high density magnetic logic devices and magnonic crystals . The oscillations, which can be obtained in essentially zero external magnetic field (besides the driving field), exhibit a narrow line width and resonance frequencies starting from the MHz range up to GHz frequencies . They can be excited using magnetic field pulses  and electric currents harnessing the Spin Transfer Torques (STT) .
Recently, the magnetization dynamics in neighbouring magnetic vortex oscillators coupled via their stray fields come into focus of research [7-10]. The system behaves like damped coupled harmonic oscillators. It has been shown that the dynamics of such systems is strongly influenced by the strength of the magnetostatic interaction given by the distance between the elements and the relative configuration of the core polarizations, e.g., the directions of the out-of-plane magnetization components .
Here we present a study of coupled vortices with Lorentz Transmission Electron Microscopy (LTEM) and Differential Phase Contrast Microcopy (DPC) at zero magnetic field. We show a novel technique to control the interaction of two or more vortex oscillators by directly influencing their resonance frequencies. The resonance frequencies depend on the saturation magnetization Ms of the magnetic material, in this case permalloy and is highly dependent on the temperature of the disk. We use Joule heating to electrically manipulate the resonance frequencies of one element to control its excitation by a second neighbouring disk. We systematically mapped the frequency response of both disks for different temperatures to fully understand the behavior of the system.
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To cite this abstract:Johannes Wild, Michael Vogel, Michael Müller, Felix Schwarzhuber, Christian Back, Josef Zweck; Study of Thermally Tunable Coupled Magnetic Vortex Oscillators with Lorentz Transmission Electron Microscopy and Differential Phase Contrast Microscopy. The 16th European Microscopy Congress, Lyon, France. https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/study-of-thermally-tunable-coupled-magnetic-vortex-oscillators-with-lorentz-transmission-electron-microscopy-and-differential-phase-contrast-microscopy/. Accessed: December 3, 2023
EMC Abstracts - https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/study-of-thermally-tunable-coupled-magnetic-vortex-oscillators-with-lorentz-transmission-electron-microscopy-and-differential-phase-contrast-microscopy/