We have imaged and produced EELS spectra of Vacancy (NV) centers in diamond with our Zeiss Libra TEM  with a monochromated electron source and in-column energy filter, Fig. 1. With monochromated electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) we measure the amount of energy loss that an electron undergoes; this includes optical resonances and inter and intra band transitions but also of course the Cherenkov radiation background. The low acceleration voltage of 40 kV directly reduces the background noise of the Cherenkov radiation. According to the photoluminescence spectra, we find a resonance at 1.9 eV (corresponding to 638 nm wavelength). We have also demonstrated an unexpectedly strong surface-plasmonic absorption at the interface of silver and high-index dielectrics based on electron and photon spectroscopy . The measured bandwidth and intensity of absorption deviate significantly from the classical theory. Our density-functional calculation well predicts the occurrence of this phenomenon. It reveals that due to the low metal-to-dielectric work function at such interfaces, conduction electrons can display a drastic quantum spillover, causing the interfacial electron-hole pair production to dominate the decay of surface plasmons. This finding can be of fundamental importance in understanding and designing quantum nanoplasmonic devices that utilize noble metals and high-index dielectrics.
Depending on the composition, Quantum Materials may act as conductors, insulators, semiconductors or even as superconductors. Combinations of different quantum materials are of high interest to explore new phenomena and act as the foundation for future electronic devices at the nanometer scale. Our quantum materials research is widely spread, reaching from defect formation in graphene to the characterization of hybrid quantum materials. We present our work utilizing Low-Voltage Monochromated EELS and Low-Voltage High-Resolution Electron Microscopy (LV HREM). Together, these often improve the contrast to damage ratio obtained on a large class of samples, such as Quantum Materials.
Fe3Sn2 is a rare metallic Kagome ferromagnet, which synthesis as a single crystal has not previously been reported (Fig. 2). We study this single crystal as well as other topological insulators with the particular interest in the correlated behavior in topologically non-trivial materials. The (S)TEM images mapped with low voltage EELS show the atomic structure of the layered material(Fig. 2), and the magnetic force microscopy measurements reveal the magnetic anisotropy of the crystal on the surface. Monochromated EELS is the key to all this work, due to increased signal to noise and background and/or ZLP reduction.
- D.C. Bell, C.J. Russo and D. Kolmykov, “40 keV Atomic Resolution TEM”, Ultramicroscopy. 114, pp 31-37 (2012)
- D. Jin, Q. Hu, D. Neuhauser, F. von Cube, Y. Yang, R. Sachan, T.S. Luk, D.C. Bell, and N.X. Fang. “Quantum-Spillover-Enhanced Surface-Plasmonic Absorption at the Interface of Silver and High-Index Dielectrics”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 115(19), p.193901 (2015)
- This work was supported by the STC, Center for Integrated Quantum Materials, NSF Grant No. DMR-1231319
To cite this abstract:David Bell, Felix VonCube, Peter Rez, Toshihiro Aoki; Monochromated Low-Voltage EELS of Optical Resonances in Quantum Materials. The 16th European Microscopy Congress, Lyon, France. https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/monochromated-low-voltage-eels-of-optical-resonances-in-quantum-materials/. Accessed: October 31, 2020
EMC Abstracts - https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/monochromated-low-voltage-eels-of-optical-resonances-in-quantum-materials/