The increasing interest in nanostructured materials has raised the need for high spatial resolution orientation mapping and large-scale quantitative characterisation of such microstructures. Because Electron Back Scatter Diffraction (EBSD) does not achieve such high spatial resolution on bulk samples, these kind of studies are often done using a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). However, TEM-based orientation mapping techniques suffer from small field of view. As a result, Transmission Kikuchi Diffraction (TKD) in Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was developed as a technique capable of delivering the same type of results as EBSD but with a spatial resolution improved by up to one order of magnitude [1,2]. TKD analysis is conducted on an electron transparent sample using the same hardware and software as for EBSD system. But when using conventional EBSD geometry, the transmitted patterns (TKP) are captured by a vertical phosphor screen with a considerable loss of signal and with strong distortions induced by gnomonic projection. Also, with standard TKD detector configuration, most of the transmitted signal does not reach the phosphor screen and results in lower quality patterns which can have negative effect in the measurement quality.
The limitations of such non-optimal sample-detector geometry can be overcome by an on-axis detection system. With a horizontal phosphor screen placed underneath the sample, the transmitted signal is captured where it is the strongest and TKPs will have minimal distortions. Using low probe currents, the spatial resolution can be increased and the beam-induced specimen drift reduced as compared to standard TKD detector configuration . The improved stability and high spatial resolution allow the user to conduct large-area TKD orientation mapping.
Using a partially recrystallized ultrafine stainless steel sample, we will demonstrate that statistical data can be obtained for the quantitative characterisation of nanostructured materials in the SEM (figure 1).
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To cite this abstract:Laurie Palasse, Daniel Goran; Large area orientation mapping on nanoscale materials using SEM. The 16th European Microscopy Congress, Lyon, France. https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/large-area-orientation-mapping-on-nanoscale-materials-using-sem/. Accessed: December 3, 2023
EMC Abstracts - https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/large-area-orientation-mapping-on-nanoscale-materials-using-sem/