Oxide-oxide eutectic ceramic materials prepared by unidirectional solidification from the melt seem to be promising candidates for thermo-mechanical applications at high temperatures such as for gas turbine parts applications. They are prepared from Al2O3 – RE2O3 – ZrO2 (RE = Y, Er, Sm) systems and associate 2 or 3 phases among: Al2O3 (corundum structure), RE3Al5O12 (garnet structure), REAlO3 (perovskite structure) and ZrO2 (fluorite structure) phases. The microstructure consists of a three-dimensional interpenetrated network of single-crystal phases, free of grain boundary (fig. 1) and preferred orientation relationships occur between constituent phases1. Consequently, they exhibit a noticeable thermal stability of the microstructure and good mechanical properties 2,3.
Compressive tests were carried out at 1450°C and 1550°C under 100 MPa and 200 MPa. Low strain rates obtained confirm good creep resistance at high temperature of these materials. Deformation mechanisms were studied by TEM with conventional two-beam analysis. During creep tests, the specimens deform via micro-twinning in alumina and dislocation activity (climb in most cases) in all phases (fig. 2).
The interface nature of directionally solidified eutectic ceramics is the origin of their good properties in comparison with sintered equivalent ceramics. Thus, the different types of interfaces were studied at atomic scale by HRTEM (fig. 3). In a first approach, the chosen observation direction axis was parallel to the growth direction. Investigations were made on as-grown materials and after creep tests in order to:
– understand interface structure and defects at the atomic scale in as-grown materials ;
– analyse modification of interfacial structure after creep deformation ;
– correlate microstructure and deformation mechanisms.
1. Mazerolles, L. et al. New microstructures in ceramic materials from the melt for high temperature applications. Aerosp. Sci. Technol. 12, 499–505 (2008).
2. Waku, Y. et al. High-temperature strength and thermal stability of a unidirectionally solidified Al2O3/YAG eutectic composite. J. Mater. Sci. 33, 1217–1225 (1998).
3. Mazerolles, L., Perriere, L., Lartigue-Korinek, S., Piquet, N. & Parlier, M. Microstructures, crystallography of interfaces, and creep behavior of melt-growth composites. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 28, 2301–2308 (2008).
To cite this abstract:Laura LONDAITZBEHERE, Sylvie LARTIGUE-KORINEK, Leo MAZEROLLES; Interfaces and defects in directionally solidified oxide-oxide eutectics. The 16th European Microscopy Congress, Lyon, France. https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/interfaces-and-defects-in-directionally-solidified-oxide-oxide-eutectics/. Accessed: December 3, 2023
EMC Abstracts - https://emc-proceedings.com/abstract/interfaces-and-defects-in-directionally-solidified-oxide-oxide-eutectics/